By Ray Abrahams
In line with box study in japanese Finland now not faraway from the Russian border, this ebook is an account of the most positive factors of rural society within the quarter. It will pay distinctive recognition to the adaptability of farming households in a quickly altering international. topics handled comprise marriage and the family members, paintings and mechanization, succession to farms, and the paradoxical blend of fierce individualism and cooperation. significant topics of the publication are the relation among legislation and customized, which isn't regularly what it sort of feels at the floor, and the complicated interlocking of farm, relatives, and the broader society.
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Extra resources for A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland (Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)
12 A modus vivendi with the Soviet Union has been established, and Finland has been able to develop as a fundamentally 'northern' country rather than in any sense a Russian satellite. It has close cultural, political and economic ties with Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries. Like them, it operates a 'free economy' and a parliamentary democracy, and it maintains open, passport-free borders with them. Its border with the Soviet Union is, in contrast, strictly controlled. The Russians have accepted Finland's neutral status, and Finland's special foreign policy responsibilities are spelled out only with regard to any future threats from Germany.
Towards the end of the century, in addition to their normal fare of troubles, people in the area also began to suffer from the predations of the local tax collector and administrator, Simon Affleck, a man of Scottish descent whose cruelties earned him the nickname Simo Hurtta (literally Simon the Hound). Affleck remained in power for many years in spite of opposition from the people and the clergy, and in 1710 he put down a revolt which was triggered by food shortages the year before. Shortly afterwards, during the Great Northern War, the Lutheran vicar of Pielisjarvi parish, to which Vieki belonged, apparently welcomed the Russians into the area in the hope that they might bring the people some relief from Affleck's tyranny.
Much of Finland's post-war success in creating a stable environment for social and economic development has depended upon the successful pursuit of the foreign policies, towards both East and West, of Kekkonen and his predecessor in the presidency, Paasikivi. 12 A modus vivendi with the Soviet Union has been established, and Finland has been able to develop as a fundamentally 'northern' country rather than in any sense a Russian satellite. It has close cultural, political and economic ties with Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries.