By Richard V. Kadison

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Summarizing, I dare say that The most important notion of modern physics is the Feynman functional integral as a partition function for the states of many-particle systems. It is a challenge of mathematics to understand this notion in a better way than known today. A panorama of mathematics. For the investigation of problems in quantum ﬁeld theory, we need a broad spectrum of mathematical branches. This concerns (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) algebra, algebraic geometry, and number theory, analysis and functional analysis, geometry and topology, information theory, theory of probability, and stochastic processes, scientiﬁc computing.

3 on page 60. 30 1. Historical Introduction approach to quantum physics. In what follows we restrict ourselves to formal considerations. Hints for quick reading. After reading Sects. 4, the reader may pass to Sects. 5 on the operator approach to quantum ﬁeld theory. A rigorous approach to the basic ideas in quantum ﬁeld theory in terms of a ﬁnite-dimensional Hilbert space setting can be found in Chap. 7. The true mathematical diﬃculties in quantum ﬁeld theory are related to the inﬁnite-dimensional setting.

Hans Bethe (1906–2005) was awarded the 1967 Nobel prize in physics for his contributions to nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars. See H. Bethe, R. Bacher, and M. Livingstone, Basic Bethe: Seminal Articles on Nuclear Physics 1936–37, American Institute of Physics, 1986. 28 1. Historical Introduction The electron does whatever it likes. A history of the electron is any possible path in space and time. The behavior of the electron is just the result of adding together all the histories according to some simple rules that Dick worked out.