Augustus Caesar (Lancaster Pamphlets in Ancient History) by David Shotter

By David Shotter

History sees Augustus Caesar because the first emperor of Rome, whose approach of ordered govt supplied an organization and good foundation for the growth and prosperity of the Roman Empire. Hailed as 'restorer of the Republic' and considered by means of a few as a deity in his personal lifetime, Augustus was once emulated by way of a lot of his successors. David Shotter reports the proof as a way to position Augustus firmly within the context of his personal instances. Key themes mentioned include:

  • the history to Augustus Caesar's fabulous upward push to power 
  • his political and imperial reforms
  • the construction of the Republica of Augustus
  • the legacy Augustus Caesar left to his successors.

Revised all through, the second one version of this winning e-book takes the latest examine within the box into consideration. David Shotter additionally contains extra insurance of the social and cultural features of this complicated character's reign including an elevated consultant to extra reading.

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The propaganda machine of Octavian had encouraged Romans to view the battle of Actium as the climax of a crusade. It was important to Octavian that the unity which had been achieved in that crusade should not weaken now that victory had been secured; but in reality the task of ensuring a return to normality, which had been the brief of the Second Triumvirate, still had to be accomplished. It was essential THE POWERS OF AUGUSTUS 29 therefore that, as leader of the Caesarian faction, Octavian should be able to channel the enthusiasm which he had engendered into the harder task of reconstituting the Republic.

Because of its unfortunate past associations, he refused a dictatorship; despite pressure in 19 BC, he refused a perpetual consulship; and he avoided taking on an openended ‘control of laws and customs’ (cura legum morumque). Only once did he respond positively to the offer of extra powers: in 22 BC, during an acute corn shortage, he accepted a very temporary control of the corn supply (cura annonae). Despite this, Tacitus viewed the remainder of Augustus’ principate as a period of continuing accumulation of domination; this was marked by redefinitions of the status of provinces— whereby his military power was enhanced—the development of a ‘civil service’ out of the senatorial and equestrian orders, and by the inexorable progress towards the finding of a suitable successor.

A framework for government existed in the powers with which he had been invested, and for which he was accountable; the means to make himself the centre of an administrative system had its roots in a concept hallowed by Republican tradition—auctoritas. The existence of this provided him with the means to exercise an all-embracing patronage. Writing of this, and referring to the situation after 27 BC, Augustus himself stated: I excelled all by virtue of my auctoritas; of actual powers I possessed no more than my colleagues in the individual magistracies.

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