By Edwin Black
Big apple instances and foreign bestselling writer Edwin Black uncovers Iraq's hidden economic climate and the corporations that take advantage of its upheaval
Big company and international struggle have lengthy been fiery and symbiotic forces in Iraq. Banking on Baghdad tells the dramatic and tragic heritage of a land lengthy the guts of global commerce-and files the numerous methods Iraq's contemporary historical past mirrors its tumultuous earlier. Tracing the involvement
of Western governments and militaries, in addition to oil, banking, and different company pursuits in Iraq, Black indicates that at the present time, simply as the day before today, the area wishes Iraq's resources-and is often keen to struggle and invade as a way to gather and defend them.
While demonstrating that Iraq itself is partly accountable for its present country of turmoil, Black doesn't shrink back from the uncomfortable fact that battle and revenue have additionally performed an equivalent half in developing the Iraq we all know at the present time. simply as he did in IBM and the Holocaust, Black exposes the hidden institutions among major organizations, battle, and oil-such because the amazing connections among Nazi Germany, Iraq, and the Holocaust.
He exposes the conflict and race-based profiteering through a few of the world's such a lot prestigious organisations, in addition to the political and fiscal ties among the Bush management and the corporations that achieve handsomely from its international coverage. simply as he did in battle opposed to the susceptible, Black deals a compelling mixture of historical past and modern investigative journalism that spans a century and eschews effortless solutions for sophisticated questions.
Edwin Black (Washington, DC) is the award-winning big apple occasions bestselling writer of IBM and the Holocaust, The move contract, and conflict opposed to the vulnerable. His journalism has seemed within the Washington publish, The Village Voice, The Sunday instances (of London), and the la instances.
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Extra resources for Banking on Baghdad: Inside Iraq's 7,000-Year History of War, Profit, and Conflict
Opponents were massacred if necessary—polytheists or monotheists. One such was a tribe of 700 resistant Jews from the Qurayzah tribe slaughtered near Medina; the Qurayzah men were mercilessly put to the sword and their women and children abducted into slavery. Bedouin tribe after tribe elected to convert rather than to fight and see their clans decimated. 29 Arabia had been won for Islam. When Mohammed died in 632, no successor had been anointed and no succession process existed. The Koran—Mohammed’s teachings, that is, the unaltered word of God—had not yet been transcribed.
Through Kadhim, Hughes became familiar with the ayatollah’s teachings. Hughes and senior commanders selected their words very carefully, in line with their study of Islamic tradition and an understanding of the ayatollah’s philosophy. “My message was,” recollects Hughes, “we are here to seek your guidance so we don’t harm your people, your mosque, or your religion. ”20 Ayatollah Sistani was impressed with Hughes. He had heard that the American soldier ordered a cessation of fighting during prayers.
For still others, it was a summons to destroy the unbelievers and infidels because, in some minds, monotheism leaves little room for coexistence with other gods and other forms of belief. Judaism and Christianity both found fertile ground in Mesopotamia. In Mesopotamia, however, monotheism as conqueror came from Arabs and Islam. Just who were the Arabs? Mesopotamia’s original peoples were an indistinct amalgam of Sumerian, Semitic, Indo-European, and other groups. The Arabs as a group were generally thought to be the scattered people who spoke a similar Semitic language and who, with few exceptions, dwelled stateless in the nearly empty desert far to the south that came to be known as the Arabian Peninsula.