Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350 by Janet L. Abu-Lughod

By Janet L. Abu-Lughod

During this very important examine, Abu-Lughod offers a groundbreaking reinterpretation of world financial evolution, arguing that the fashionable international economic system had its roots now not within the 16th century, as is greatly meant, yet within the 13th century economy--a process a ways diverse from the ecu international process which emerged from it. utilizing the town because the operating unit of research, Before eu Hegemony presents a brand new paradigm for realizing the evolution of global platforms through tracing the increase of a procedure that, at its top within the starting many years of the 14th century, concerned an enormous sector stretching among northwest Europe and China. Writing in a transparent and energetic variety, Abu-Lughod explores the explanations for the eventual decay of the program and the increase of ecu hegemony.

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4. Chron. de Melsa, Rolls Series, m, 8 4 - 7 , 144. Rec. Roll 1, m. 1 (Basing), etc. Rec. Roll, 1, m. V. 1 2 6 / 2 8 , m. 2 dorso; Northumberland Pleas, p. R. 52 (6 Edw. I), m. 11, 60 (15 Edw. I), m. 19 dorso and 20 (Holm and Tattershall), etc. V. ; Chron, de Melsa, in, 233, etc. R. Snape, English Monastic Finances in the Later Middle Ages, p p . ; R. Graham, St Gilbert, pp. 136 seq. Credit in medieval trade 25 is misleading. 70 But what is still more important is that even wool growers, lay and monastic, often sold not their own wool, but wool bought from others.

8-16. For instances of notarial deeds see Madox, op. , nos. M. Rolls A 14, m. , A. 73, m. 6. Granstoun^ op. , 213; E. Ch. Pr. 63/119: an acquittance delivered in the presence of a scrivener 'as it appeareth in his book of records*. E. Ch. Pr. 10/217, 64/1046 & 64/1051 contain reference to bonds recorded in scriveners' books. R. Exchequer at the Public Record Office there is a register of a scrivener, John Thorp, (128/37) which looks like a 'book of records' referred to in the petitions. Private financial instruments 35 this country had for its principal object the creation of a different and a more formal variant of the bond: it converted an obligation into a full legal recognisance.

Nevertheless it remains broadly true that debts were rarely enrolled or recorded before official bodies or authoritative persons for the mere purpose of their authentication. Enrolment in 14 15 16 T. F. Tout, Chapters in the Administrative History, i, pp. 121-3, P. & M. 11, p. 224. On the legal consequences of the authentication by private seal see Holdsworth in, p. 417, n. 2, P. & M. 11, p. 220. : J. Granstoun, Brooke's Notary Public, ed. 1925, pp. 8-16. For instances of notarial deeds see Madox, op.

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