By M. Bufton
This quantity examines tried alterations to commercial family members in Britain in the course of 1948-1990, designed to advertise institutional reforms of administration and alternate unions. particular concentration is given to the Donovan fee and different alternate union reforms, and earning rules to attach pay extra tightly with productiveness. foreign projects of the AACP, BPC, and EPA also are incorporated.
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Extra resources for Britain's Productivity Problem, 1948-1990
Richardson has also stressed this point, ‘. . in spite of the very considerable political debate they have generated, strikes can hardly in aggregate have led directly to the damaging economic consequences frequently claimed’ (Richardson 1991: 432). If strikes were a problem for the British economy during the Long Boom and after, then it can only be said with respect to very large manufacturing plants. Before we proceed further however, we must attempt to define what exactly a restrictive practice is.
In other words whether unions retard or promote technical change and innovation could depend upon the type of change undertaken, the economic and political environment in which it is undertaken, and the type of union effected, either craft, firm, or industrial (Keefe 1991: 261–4; Machin and Wadhwani 1991: 324–5; Wadhwani 1990: 372; Willman 1986: 5–6). From this we may deduce, as Addison and Addison do, that, ‘Obviously, whether unionism’s impact on productivity is negative or positive is an empirical question’ (Addison and Addison 1982: 146).
In the next chapter we will go on to explore unions and innovation in a comparative context, through the Eichengreen perspective. 3 British Workers and the Productivity Drive: A Comparative Perspective Introduction: trade unions and the productivity drive As the 1950s wore on, trade unions were coming under increasing criticism for Britain’s relatively poor economic performance (Middlemas 1986: 318; Taylor 1993: 1; Wrigley 1996b: 1–2). 1 As Jones wrote, ‘Throughout the period 1951–64 the trade union movement was frequently portrayed in the media as a force which had become too strong and irresponsible’ (Jones 1987: 63).