By William B. Stephens
In January 1682, William Culliford, a devoted and skilled officer within the King's customs carrier, begun a unprecedented trip below Treasury orders to enquire the integrity and potency of the customs institutions of southwest England and south Wales as a part of a force to maximise the Crown's source of revenue from customs tasks (on which it relied for a lot of its revenue). beginning at Bristol, Culliford ultimately accomplished this daunting job in Cornwall over years later within the spring of 1684. His record on all the ports he inspected (the basic resource for this booklet) printed common smuggling and fraud within the context of a customs provider either missing in potency and riddled with corruption. The publication records the numerous frauds and wide-ranging abuses exposed and their facilitation by means of customs officials simply too able to collude with smugglers, cheating retailers and seamen and to simply accept bribes to disregard tax evasion. It describes, too, Culliford's evaluation of the executive practices of every port inspected and his judgment at the degrees of probity and potency of person officials, detailing his innovations for procedural advancements and the remedy of the corrupt and incompetent and, by the way, of these suspected of political and non secular dissent. also, the publication provides a physique of statistical facts at the customs profit really accumulated at person ports within the 1670s and 1680s and surveys the level and nature of the maritime alternate of the ports Culliford tested. It therefore not just throws mild at the background of the customs carrier, yet presents an extraordinary perception into the interactions of monetary, social and political concerns within the later 17th century, and makes a useful contribution to the actual histories of the ports and maritime districts visited by way of this vigorous and tenacious investigator.