The Seventeenth-Century Customs Service Surveyed: William by William B. Stephens

By William B. Stephens

In January 1682, William Culliford, a devoted and skilled officer within the King's customs carrier, begun a unprecedented trip below Treasury orders to enquire the integrity and potency of the customs institutions of southwest England and south Wales as a part of a force to maximise the Crown's source of revenue from customs tasks (on which it relied for a lot of its revenue). beginning at Bristol, Culliford ultimately accomplished this daunting job in Cornwall over years later within the spring of 1684. His record on all the ports he inspected (the basic resource for this booklet) printed common smuggling and fraud within the context of a customs provider either missing in potency and riddled with corruption. The publication records the numerous frauds and wide-ranging abuses exposed and their facilitation by means of customs officials simply too able to collude with smugglers, cheating retailers and seamen and to simply accept bribes to disregard tax evasion. It describes, too, Culliford's evaluation of the executive practices of every port inspected and his judgment at the degrees of probity and potency of person officials, detailing his innovations for procedural advancements and the remedy of the corrupt and incompetent and, by the way, of these suspected of political and non secular dissent. also, the publication provides a physique of statistical facts at the customs profit really accumulated at person ports within the 1670s and 1680s and surveys the level and nature of the maritime alternate of the ports Culliford tested. It therefore not just throws mild at the background of the customs carrier, yet presents an extraordinary perception into the interactions of monetary, social and political concerns within the later 17th century, and makes a useful contribution to the actual histories of the ports and maritime districts visited by way of this vigorous and tenacious investigator.

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A History of the Modern Fact: Problems of Knowledge in the by Mary Poovey

By Mary Poovey

How did the actual fact turn into modernity's so much favourite unit of data? How did description come to appear separable from conception within the precursors of economics and the social sciences?

Mary Poovey explores those questions in A historical past of the trendy Fact, ranging throughout an amazing array of texts and concepts from the booklet of the 1st British handbook on double-entry bookkeeping in 1588 to the institutionalization of records within the 1830s. She exhibits how the creation of systematic wisdom from descriptions of saw details prompted govt, how numerical illustration grew to become the privileged automobile for producing necessary proof, and the way belief—whether figured as credits, credibility, or credulity—remained necessary to the construction of knowledge.

Illuminating the epistemological stipulations that experience made sleek social and monetary wisdom attainable, A historical past of the fashionable Fact presents vital contributions to the historical past of political inspiration, economics, technology, and philosophy, in addition to to literary and cultural criticism.

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Frenzy: Bubbles, Busts, and How to Come Out Ahead by Carl Haacke

By Carl Haacke

Despite the hype, the know-how bubble of the Nineties used to be now not pushed by means of the web. It used to be pushed by way of innate human forces that go beyond the net, the Nineties the 20 th century, and the us. because the Sixties, there has hardly been a yr and not using a bubble someplace. at the present time we see bubbles in China, nano-technology, genuine property, and lots of extra are at the way.
Through an in-depth research and interviews with over a hundred of the world's so much influential enterprise capitalists, Fortune 500 CEOs and Wall Street's multi-billion greenback portfolio managers, Frenzy reveals the unforeseen riding forces of bubbles. Frenzy offers severe insights and classes for cutting-edge company execs, traders and coverage makers to regulate the bubbles of the future.

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A Perilous Progress: Economists and Public Purpose in by Michael A. Bernstein

By Michael A. Bernstein

The economics occupation in twentieth-century the US begun as a humble quest to appreciate the "wealth of nations." It grew right into a occupation of big public prestige--and now suffers a unusually withered public function. Michael Bernstein portrays a career that has ended up repudiating the nation that nurtured it, ignoring distributive justice, and disproportionately privileging deepest wants within the research of monetary lifestyles. highbrow introversion has robbed it, he contends, of the very public impression it coveted and cultivated for therefore lengthy. With wit and irony he examines how a neighborhood of specialists now pointed out with uncritical get together of ''free market'' virtues used to be itself formed, dramatically so, through govt and collective action.

In arresting and provocative aspect Bernstein describes economists' fitful efforts to sway a nation gear the place values and ambitions may well seldom stay cut loose potential and procedure, and the way their vocation was once eventually humbled by means of govt itself. Replete with novel examine findings, his paintings additionally analyzes the ancient peculiarities that led the occupation to a key function within the modern backlash opposed to federal tasks relationship from the Thirties to reform the nation's fiscal and social life.

Interestingly sufficient, students have principally neglected the historical past that has formed this career. An economist through education, Bernstein brings a historian's sensibilities to his narrative, using broad archival learn to bare unstated presumptions that, in the course of the corporation of economists themselves, have come to mildew and outline, and occasionally truly deform, public discourse.

This publication bargains vital, even troubling insights to readers drawn to the fashionable fiscal and political heritage of the USA and puzzled by means of contemporary developments in public coverage debate. It additionally enhances a turning out to be literature at the historical past of the social sciences. guaranteed to have an enduring impression on its box, A Perilous Progress represents a rare contribution of gritty empirical learn and conceptual boldness, of grand narrative breadth and profound analytical depth.

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The Development and Testing of Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Models: by Robert E. Baldwin

By Robert E. Baldwin

No names are extra heavily linked to sleek alternate idea than Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin. the elemental Heckscher-Ohlin proposition, based on which a rustic exports elements in plentiful offer and imports elements in scarce offer, is a key element of sleek alternate concept. during this ebook, Robert Baldwin strains the advance of the HO version, describing the ancient twists and turns that experience resulted in the fundamental glossy theoretical version in use this present day. Baldwin not just offers a transparent and cohesive view of the model's evolution but in addition stories the result of empirical exams its quite a few models. Baldwin, who released his first theoretical article at the HO version in 1948, first surveys the advance of the HO version after which assesses empirical assessments of its predictions. such a lot discussions of empirical paintings on HO types confine themselves to the elemental theorem, yet Baldwin devotes a bankruptcy to empirical exams of 3 similar propositions: the Stolper-Samuelson theorem; the Rybczynski theorem; and the issue rate equalization theorem. He concludes that the formula and checking out of those later types have more suitable economists' knowing of the forces shaping overseas exchange, yet that many empirical alternate economists (himself integrated) have been so enamored of the dependent yet hugely unrealistic issue rate equalization versions built from the insights of Heckscher and Ohlin that they've overlooked research of different versions with out this relationship.

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Forty Centuries of Wage and Price Controls: How Not to Fight by Robert L. Schuettinger

By Robert L. Schuettinger

Via specified association with the authors, the Mises Institute is overjoyed to carry again this well known advisor to ridiculous monetary coverage from the traditional global to trendy occasions. This remarkable heritage illustrates the utter futility of battling the industry method via laws. it usually makes use of despotic measures to yield socially catastrophic effects. It covers the traditional global, the Roman Republic and Empire, Medieval Europe, the 1st centuries of the U.S. and Canada, the French Revolution, the nineteenth century, global Wars I and II, the Nazis, the Soviets, postwar lease regulate, and the Nineteen Seventies. it's also a truly worthwhile end spelling out the speculation of salary and cost controls. This e-book is a treasure, and tremendous unique!

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The Adam Smith Problem: Reconciling Human Nature and Society by Dogan Göçmen

By Dogan Göçmen

This is the 1st scholarly paintings to deal exclusively with the 'Adam Smith problem', specifically the plain contradiction among Adam Smith's most renowned works, The conception of ethical Sentiments and The Nature and motives of the Wealth of Nations. because the 1840s students have questioned over and tried to give an explanation for the truth that those works provide essentially various and contradictory innovations of human nature. during this radical new procedure Dogan Göçmen makes a big contribution to the controversy. Accepting that Smith does certainly recommend varied and sundry rules, he argues that the moral place articulated in The concept of ethical Sentiments should be, and was once meant via Smith to be, utilized as a foundation for criticising the economic society analysed within the Wealth of Nations. Göçmen argues that this moral place issues to the nature of an amazing destiny society, Adam Smith's Utopia, a society within which its social parts are thoroughly in sympathy - and hence harmonious - with every one other.

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An Economic History of Europe: Knowledge, Institutions and by Karl Gunnar Persson

By Karl Gunnar Persson

This concise and available advent to eu fiscal historical past focusses at the interaction among the improvement of associations and the iteration and diffusion of knowledge-based applied sciences. the writer demanding situations the view that eu fiscal background sooner than the commercial Revolution used to be restricted via inhabitants development outstripping on hand assets. He argues as a substitute that the proscribing issue used to be the information wanted for technological growth but in addition that Europe used to be specified in constructing a systematic tradition and associations which have been the root for the unparalleled technological growth and fiscal development of the 19th and 20th centuries. easy explanatory ideas are used to provide an explanation for progress and stagnation in addition to the convergence of source of revenue through the years while textual content bins, figures, an intensive thesaurus and on-line routines let scholars to enhance a entire knowing of the topic. this is often the one textbook scholars might want to comprehend Europe's special fiscal improvement and its worldwide context.

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Self-Interest before Adam Smith: A Genealogy of Economic by Pierre Force

By Pierre Force

Pierre strength reports the background of the idea that of self-interest to appreciate its which means by the point that Adam Smith used it as an axiom within the Wealth of countries. He demonstrates that Smith, in contrast to lots of his predecessors and contemporaries, by no means counseled the concept that self-interest is the incentive in the back of all human motion, even supposing the "selfish hypothesis" did have a spot in his doctrine. This ebook presents perception on vintage puzzles of financial concept and is a big paintings from a good student.

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Mixed Fortunes: An Economic History of China, Russia, and by Vladimir Popov

By Vladimir Popov

The increase of the West is frequently attributed the presence of definite gains in Western international locations from the sixteenth century that have been absent in additional conventional societies: the abolition of serfdom and Protestant ethics, the safety of estate rights, and unfastened universities. the matter with this reasoning is that, earlier than the sixteenth century, there have been many nations with social constructions that possessed those related beneficial properties that did not event speedy productiveness development.

This e-book deals a brand new interpretation of the 'Great Divergence' and 'Great Convergence' tales. It explores how Western nations grew wealthy and why elements of the constructing global (South and East Asia and the center East) didn't meet up with the West from 1500 to 1950 yet started to slender the distance after 1950. It additionally examines why others (Latin the US, South Africa, and Russia) have been extra profitable at catching up from 1500 to 1950, yet then skilled a slowdown in monetary progress in comparison to different constructing international locations. Mixed Fortunes bargains a unique interpretation of the increase of the West and of the following improvement of 'the relaxation' and China and Russia, vital examples of 2 teams of constructing nations, are tested in higher detail.

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